Types of Monuments


a railing with supporting balusters (short vase shaped supporting columns).

a long seat with no back, designed for two or more people.

a rough-hewn monument is called a boulder

A series of columns, arranged in order, supporting an entablature (e.g., Atwood Columnade, Stonington, CT)

The broken column and the fallen column are symbols of the broken life.

symbolizes a final resting placeCross– the symbol of the Christian faith is the motif for many monuments.

a large niche or recess, usually with a bench or seats with semicircular plan.

an opening in a wall or fence for entrance or exit.

A ledger is a granite slab that completely covers the gravesite.

Marker — small stones that indicate the location of individual graves. They may have varied styles: ornate, simple, round top, slant, flush, etc. They are often located adjacent to a family monument.

Obelisk — an obelisk is a thin, four-sided, tapering monument which ends in a pyramidal top

Sarcophagus — In ancient Egypt , a sarcophagus was a stone coffin into which the mummy was placed after it had been properly prepared for burial. The word sarcophagus comes from a Greek word meaning “flesh eater.” The ancient Greeks called this outer coffin a sarcophagus because it was often made of limestone, which, they thought, helped dead bodies to decompose. In modern times it refers to a monument whose shape approximates a coffin. A sarcophagus may be very simple or quite elaborate.


Stele– an upright stone or slab with an inscribed or sculptured surface, used as a monument or as a commemorative tablet in the face of a building

Table Tomb — a raised ledger supported at each corner by small columns standing on a landing stone.

Tablet — A tablet may mark the grave of a couple or a single individual.

Urn– a vase of varying size and shape, usually having a footed base or pedestal; it may be on top of the cap of the monument or freestanding.

Vault — A vault is large tomb, usually a stone building, with places for entombment of the dead above ground.

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